Nelson Marlborough Public Health Service staff work with councils, often within the Resource Management Act framework, to address air pollution.

Air pollution from industrial, domestic and vehicle sources can cause acute and chronic conditions and reduced life expectancy. More than 80 per cent of New Zealanders live and work in urban areas where air pollution can be present.

Some district health boards have position statements about home heating methods and the need to improve the thermal efficiency of homes. This is because appliances such as open fires and older wood-burners produce a lot of air-polluting emissions.