Hepatitis is a viral disease that attacks the liver. There are several types of viral hepatitis, labelled A, B, C, D, and E. Hepatitis B virus or HBV is very infectious and is spread from person to person through bodily fluids.

Symptoms of acute hepatitis B include nausea and vomiting, jaundice (yellow skin or eyes), dark urine (pee, mimi), pale faeces (poo, tutae), feeling unwell, lack of energy, loss of appetite, upset stomach or stomach pains, fever, and general aches and pains.

Chronic hepatitis B may be harder to detect as some infected people may not show signs or symptoms.

How is it spread?

  • There is an effective vaccine available to prevent hepatitis B
  • Contacts and family members of infected persons should practice strict hygiene measures
  • Avoid injection drug use
  • Engage in safe sex practices including use of condoms.


Immunisation is the best way of preventing Hepatitis B.